Arab Youth Time-Use Survey
Under the framework of the 2015 UNDP Arab Human Development Report (AHDR), a time use survey targeting Arab youth was conducted in 18 Arab cities from October 2014 till February 2015. A dedicated team of over 100 volunteers and organizations conducted the survey by using the Waqti mobile application that was developed to facilitate the data collection process. The aim of the survey is to measure the amount of time youth spend on average doing various activities, such as education, paid work, exercise, volunteering, and socializing.
The Questionnaire
A 10 minute survey was conducted with young nationals between the ages of 15 and 29. It includes socio-demographic questions such as age, gender, marital status, education level, employment status, assets and monthly expenditure.

Are youth spending too little time on homework? Excessively smoking shisha? Sleeping and exercising enough? The survey aims to answer these questions by asking respondents how they spent the past 24 hours on various activities. A brief description of each activity category below can be found on the map page
Sleeping
Educational
Smoking
Commuting
Personal Care
Religious activities/ volunteering
Work-related
Sports and physical activity
Eating
Household and care for members
Shopping
Time with friends and family
Reading
Television and radio/music
Games and personal hobbies
Internet/social media/telephone
The Sampling Methodology
Population density data was obtained from the NASA ESRI Grid and was superimposed over the map of each corresponding city. The boundaries of each selected city were defined by a rectangular shape selection and the resulting area was covered with corresponding population density grids. All grids which included unreachable or unsuitable areas such as water bodies, airports, deserted areas and industrial areas were removed. A minimum number of surveys per location was set ranging from 10-40 surveys/pin based on each city’s population density, land area and number of surveyors to ensure an efficient data collection process. A two stage cluster sampling technique was used to obtain an automated distribution of pins on the map based on the density grids (25Km2).

Each city was assigned a sample size of 365-385 corresponding to a 95% confidence level and a 5% margin of error. The sample size was calculated based on the city’s latest youth population national estimates using a finite population correction factor. However, due to time and implementation constraints this number was not reached for some cities which increased the margin of error up to 10%.
The Survey Roll-out
A team of over 100 dedicated volunteer surveyors, UNDP staff and local organizations participated in the survey. Most volunteers were recruited as part of the UNDP AHDR Youth consultative meetings that were held in May and September 2014 in Amman, Jordan. They were trained on the use of the Waqti mobile application and were given instructions on how to properly administer the survey to avoid any data entry errors or biases. Due to the security situation of some cities, the survey was either discontinued (Sanaa) or held online (Damascus). Despite the various challenges faced by the surveyors such as app malfunctions, time constraints and transportation problems, over 2300 surveys were completed. Results were analyzed for 11 out of the 18 cities that had a large enough and representative sample size.
The Waqti Mobile App
A user-friendly survey application was developed to facilitate the data collection and analysis process. Each city was assigned its own account which includes a map on which pins with pre-assigned numbers of surveys were displayed. Surveyors were able to check their completed number of surveys by city, location, gender and day (week day or weekend day). To guarantee that surveys were filled in the correct location, GPS was used to ensure that surveyors were within a 500m radius of the pin to be able to conduct the surveys assigned to this location. In some cases, this radius was expanded, due to GPS problems and inaccuracies especially in Ramallah and Gaza.


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