Discrimination 50% of the population at risk of being left behind because they are women.
Shocks and fragility 84% of the population is affected by or at risk of water scarcity. The decline of arable land and the dependency on food imports expose the population to risks of food insecurity.
Unaccountable governance With around 50% of registered voters participating in elections, the years following the Arab uprising saw declining trust in institutions and high perceptions of corruption.
Socio-economic exclusion Income poverty can be as high as 49% in prewar Yemen. Unemployment (10%) and youth unemployment (25%) are high. Low quality education risks compromising enrolment achievements.
Geographical exclusion More than 60% of the population in Arab countries is expected to live in urban area by 2030, but in various countries between 8% and 90% of the population is at risk of living in slums.
People in conflict 155 million people live in conflict affected countries, experiencing multiple deprivations, including up to 14 million people at risk of famine in Yemen, in combination with increased violence and displacement.
Forced displacement 9.3 million refugees and 15 million internally displaced people currently reside in Arab countries impacting their livelihoods and those of their host communities.