Human Development Data for the Arab States

World




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 2201418.5 2620261.7 3020830.6 3209280.2 3247400.3 3285785.2 3324370.6 3363046.1 3401719.5 3440368.6
Population, male (thousands) 2227173.7 2658250.7 3071300.4 3265491.4 3304473.5 3343578 3382793.8 3422090.8 3461431.2 3500808.5
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 4429066.8 5279046.5 6092737.4 6475419.1 6552528 6630023.5 6707830.3 6785808.4 6863828.1 6941860.6
Population, urban (% of population) 38.9 42.5 46.3 48.6 49 49.3 49.7 50.1 50.5 50.9
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 37700000 28600000 18500000 21000000 23700000 26400000 23200000 23600000 25000000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) 10.7 9 6.9 6.6 6.3 6.6 6.8 8 7.4 ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) 17800000000 24300000000 32200000000 37000000000 38500000000 40000000000 40600000000 39700000000 41300000000 ..
GDP growth (annual %) 1.9 3 4.3 3.6 4.1 4 1.4 -2.3 4.2 ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) 0.1 1.3 3 2.3 2.8 2.8 0.3 -3.4 3 ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 16.7 16.8 16.4 17.2 17.1 17.1 17.6 18.8 18.6 ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 20.3 19.5 24.9 26.8 28.2 28.6 30 25.4 28 ..
Military expenditure (% of central government expenditure) .. .. .. 10.8 10.9 10.2 10.6 10.1 .. ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 7.5 10.8 8.2 16.8 16.3 16.2 19 18.9 .. ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) 75.5 79.3 88.5 74.5 71.9 89.7 85.8 88.1 .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 38.7 37.7 63.4 66.8 66.5 68 72.5 72.1 .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 8.9 9.3 10.1 10.9 11 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.4 11.3
Internet users .. 2630000 395000000 1020000000 1150000000 1370000000 1570000000 1800000000 2010000000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 6.8 15.9 17.7 20.8 23.6 26.8 30.5 ..
Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) .. 75.7 81.8 .. .. .. .. 83.7 .. ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 4.9 5.8 6.8 7.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 .. .. .. .. 0.8 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) .. 4.7 4.5 4.9 4.9 4.9 3.9 .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) 14.7 .. 13.9 14.5 14.7 14.4 15.1 .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) .. .. 98.8 105 105 106 107 107 .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) .. .. 59.9 64.7 65.3 66.5 67.7 68 .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% net) .. .. 52.2 56.7 57.3 58.5 59.5 59.8 .. ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) .. .. 18.9 24 24.9 25.9 26.5 27.1 .. ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) .. .. 84.5 88.2 88.4 89.2 89.8 89.7 .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 63 56.6 55.7 55 54.4 53.9 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. .. 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 50.2 52.3 51.7 51.5 51.7 51.7 51.8 51.7 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. 0.1 0.2 .. .. 0.2 0.2 .. 0.2
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. 49.7 62.1 .. .. .. .. 65.3 .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 2.7 2.7 2.8 .. 2.8 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 569 760 815 862 907 944 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.7 6.1 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) 3.6 3.6 .. 3 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 76.2 74.5 79.3 80.3 82.1 83.2 84.8 85.1 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 72.9 72.7 77.9 80.9 82.3 83.5 84.4 85.3 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 62.9 65.4 67.2 68.3 68.6 68.9 69.1 69.4 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 283 222 188 .. .. 170 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 186 164 155 147 145 143 145 146 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 244 214 225 215 211 208 210 206 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 76.7 62.4 52 46.2 45.1 44 43 41.9 41 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 112 89.9 74.7 66 64.2 62.4 60.9 59.2 57.9 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) 1 1.2 .. .. .. .. .. 1.4 .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 108 87 75 65 .. 62 60 58 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Health index (life expectancy) 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 12.7 13.3 17 18 18.6 16.1 18.3 .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 6.5 5.4 3.6 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.2 ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 2810 4760 6910 8820 9580 10200 10700 10600 11100 ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted education index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5
Inequality-adjusted HDI .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5
Inequality-adjusted income index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6
Loss due to inequality in education (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 26.2 26.2
Loss due to inequality in income (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22.6 23.4
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 21.3 19
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 13.9 .. .. .. 12.9 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 74.4 71.5 57.4 73.6 59.5 64.9 70.2 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 8.2 11.4 12 15.2 12.9 12.3 11.7 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 17.4 17.1 30.6 11.2 27.6 22.9 18.1 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. .. .. .. 9 8.1 7.3 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 14.7 14.3 15.7 15.9 4.4 4.4 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. 6.1 2.5 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.8 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 6550 6430 6310 .. ..


Back to top