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Human Development Data for the Arab States

Syrian Arab Republic




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 4435.4 6123.3 7921.7 9081.5 9298.8 9506 9703.9 9894.9 10080.8 10261.1
Population, male (thousands) 4471.2 6200.8 8066.9 9402.7 9621.9 9815.3 9990.3 10158.9 10329.9 10504.9
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 8906.5 12324.1 15988.5 18484.1 18920.7 19321.3 19694.3 20053.7 20410.6 20766
Population, urban (% of population) 46.7 48.9 51.9 53.8 54.2 54.5 54.9 55.3 55.7 56.2
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 2050000 689000 19000 7000 70000 161500 253000 167000 167000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) 14.1 31.1 19 17.8 13.2 12.6 14 .. .. ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) 9480000 11800000 19300000 24600000 25800000 27300000 28500000 30200000 31200000 ..
GDP growth (annual %) 12 7.6 2.7 6.2 5 5.7 4.5 6 3.2 ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) 8.3 4.5 0.1 3.5 2.9 3.6 2.4 3.9 1.1 ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 23.2 14.3 12.4 13.7 11.4 12.3 11.2 12 10.1 ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 36.1 28 28.6 41.6 38.7 37.8 36.7 31.1 35.8 ..
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 19.3 19.4 -3.9 7.2 10 3.9 15.7 2.9 4.4 ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 12.5 5.7 0.9 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.5 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 190 55.4 9.9 4.2 1.4 4.3 7 12.2 .. ..
Total debt service (% of exports of goods, services and income) .. .. 6.8 .. .. .. 3.5 3.9 .. ..
Total debt service (% of GNI) 2.7 9.8 2.6 2 2.5 1.7 1.3 1.2 1.1 ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 84.2 .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 44.1 48.1 56.8 64.9 65.6 66.4 .. .. .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 9.3 10 9.2 11 11.1 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Internet users 0 0 29100 1040000 1480000 3210000 1280000 2770000 4220000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) 0 0 0.2 5.7 7.9 16.7 6.5 13.8 20.7 ..
Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 84.2 .. ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 2.6 4.1 5.1 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.3 0.6 1.1 0.9 .. .. .. .. 1 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) 4.6 .. .. .. 5.3 4.9 .. .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) 8.1 .. .. .. 18.4 16.7 .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) 94.7 100 109 118 114 113 114 115 118 ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) 47.6 51 44.8 68.9 70.6 71.9 72.6 72.1 72.4 ..
School enrollment, secondary (% net) .. .. 40.2 63.2 63.5 65.6 66.5 66.8 67 ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) 14 18 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) 86.3 92 96.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 48 43.9 43.3 42.8 41.5 40.3 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. .. 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. 0.5
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 12.8 18.1 20.3 20 20.3 20.7 21 21.1 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. .. 0.1 .. .. 0.1 0.1 .. 0.1
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. .. .. 91.4 93 .. .. .. .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 2.1 1.9 1.6 .. 1.6 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 156 164 161 137 123 138 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 2 2.1 1.9 1.4 1.2 0.9 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) 13 91 84 80 80 80 79 80 80 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) 13 87 84 81 81 81 81 82 82 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 66.2 71.1 74 74.9 75.1 75.3 75.4 75.6 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 120 58 50 .. .. 46 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) .. .. 92.8 82 80 78 76.6 75.2 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) .. .. 132 121 118 116 114 112 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 54.4 31.1 19.5 16.4 15.9 15.3 14.8 14.3 13.8 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 72.4 38.2 23 19.2 18.5 17.8 17.2 16.6 16 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) 0.4 0.8 1.4 .. 0.5 1 1.5 .. .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 74 36 22 18 .. 17 17 16 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Health index (life expectancy) 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. -11.9 -11.1 -12.1 -9.6 -7 -14.1 -14.1 .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) .. 29.8 23.8 19.5 19.2 17.9 17 22.9 .. ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 1850 2080 3180 4010 4270 4600 4790 5080 5120 ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted education index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4
Inequality-adjusted HDI .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5
Inequality-adjusted income index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.8
Loss due to inequality in education (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 31.5 31.5
Loss due to inequality in income (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 18.3 18.3
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 11.1 10
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Headcount ( k greater than or equal to 3), percentage population in poverty (% of population) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.5
MPI Intensity of deprivation .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37.5
Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 5 .. .. .. 5 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. .. 87.5 87.5 87.5 87.5 87.5 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. .. 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. .. 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. .. 235 167.4 99.8 99.8 99.8 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 10.8 14.1 12.9 12.9 3.6 3.4 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.1 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 2.3 3 4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 371 363.5 356 .. ..


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