Human Development Data for the Arab States

Sub-Saharan Africa (developing only)




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 182241.7 241939.4 314192.1 355246.9 363985.6 372909.6 382036.6 391389.1 400982.5 410821.6
Population, male (thousands) 180080.8 239216.9 311640.6 353630.4 362579 371713.6 381052.5 390619.8 400432.3 410493.7
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 362385.4 481227.4 625911.3 708960.8 726649 744708.2 763174.6 782095 801501.3 821402.2
Population, urban (% of population) 24 28.2 32.5 34.7 35.1 35.6 36.1 36.5 37 37.5
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 2000000 401000 635000 855000 986000 1080000 837000 487000 530000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) 9.6 .. 12.2 10.5 11.3 11.5 10.5 11.9 10.4 ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) 227000000 273000000 342000000 426000000 453000000 483000000 507000000 517000000 542000000 ..
GDP growth (annual %) 4 1.1 3.7 5.7 6.3 6.5 5 2 4.8 ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) 1.1 -1.6 1 3.1 3.7 3.9 2.4 -0.4 2.3 ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 15.1 17.5 15.6 16.7 16.4 16 16.3 17.6 16.9 ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 30.8 25.4 30.7 33.9 35.3 36.1 39.8 33.6 32.1 ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 2.9 6.2 4 5.4 5.7 4.4 4.3 4.9 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 19.7 34.7 19.6 43.7 53.1 45.3 49.7 53.5 .. ..
Total debt service (% of exports of goods, services and income) .. .. 11.8 8.4 7.7 5.6 3.5 4.5 3.3 ..
Total debt service (% of GNI) .. .. 4.2 3.3 3 2.3 1.5 1.5 1.2 ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) 62 56 63.5 28.8 53.9 75.7 .. 65.1 .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 31.8 29.9 43.1 51.1 52.4 53.3 53.2 56.6 .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 6.2 6.2 7.1 8.3 8.5 8.8 9 9.2 9.2 9.2
Internet users .. 0 3380000 17400000 27200000 32900000 52400000 73000000 86700000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 0.5 2.3 3.6 4.2 6.5 9.3 10.9 ..
Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) .. 53.1 57.4 .. .. .. .. 62.3 .. ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 2.3 3.4 4.1 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 .. .. .. .. 0.6 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) .. 0.9 4.7 4.9 4.9 5 4.8 .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) 17.6 .. .. .. .. .. 18.9 .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) .. .. 80.5 93.1 95.4 96.8 99.2 99.9 .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) .. .. 25 31.1 32 33.3 34.8 36 .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% net) .. .. 19.5 23.8 24.7 25.8 27 .. .. ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) .. .. 4.2 5.5 5.6 5.9 6.1 6.3 .. ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) .. .. 60 70.3 72.4 73.7 75.7 76.3 .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 130 120 118 115 113 110 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. .. 0.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 56.9 57.1 59.2 60.2 60.3 60.4 60.5 61 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. 0.2 0.2 .. .. 0.2 0.3 .. 0.3
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. .. 45.1 .. .. .. .. 44.4 .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 2.4 2.5 2.4 .. 2.4 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 78.8 112 119 126 133 144 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) .. 1.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 56.7 54.8 64.8 66.6 69.6 72 75 76.6 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 57.2 54.9 62.9 65.6 67.4 69.3 72.9 75.5 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 48.1 49.6 49.8 51.7 52.2 52.7 53.2 53.8 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 832 762 684 .. .. 618 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) .. .. 380 371 366 361 355 349 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) .. .. 427 409 402 396 390 384 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 116 105 94.3 85.5 83.5 81.6 79.8 78 76.4 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 194 175 155 139 135 131 128 124 121 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) .. 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 193 181 161 143 .. 136 132 129 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Health index (life expectancy) 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 4 2.4 4.7 3 4.8 1.8 4.7 .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 18.5 18.8 16.3 16.6 15.9 15.5 12.7 13.1 .. ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 926 1100 1310 1670 1820 1930 2030 2090 2150 ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted education index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3
Inequality-adjusted HDI .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3
Inequality-adjusted income index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3
Loss due to inequality in education (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 34.3 35.6
Loss due to inequality in income (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 26 28.4
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 43.8 39
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 26.8 .. .. .. 22.2 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 84.4 83.7 6.6 47.4 88.2 86.1 84 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 10.7 12.2 65.7 37.9 10 11.1 12.1 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 4.9 4.1 27.7 14.7 1.7 2.8 3.8 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. .. .. .. 3.2 2.7 2.2 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.2 0.9 0.9 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. 1.2 0.2 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 1 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 4870 4750 4630 .. ..


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