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Human Development Data for the Arab States

Somalia




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 3254.8 3335.1 3736.7 4218.3 4312.2 4405.1 4499.4 4598.2 4703.8 4816.9
Population, male (thousands) 3180.8 3264.1 3662.3 4141.5 4235.3 4328.4 4422.8 4521.7 4627.1 4739.9
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 6435.6 6599.2 7399 8359.9 8547.5 8733.5 8922.3 9119.8 9330.9 9556.9
Population, urban (% of population) 26.8 29.7 33.2 35.2 35.6 36.1 36.5 37 37.4 37.9
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 126000 16000 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) 32.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
GDP growth (annual %) -3.9 -1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) -9 -1.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 15.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 88.5 37.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 71.6 58.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 67.1 74.5 13.7 28.3 45.7 44 85 72.6 .. ..
Total debt service (% of exports of goods, services and income) 6.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Total debt service (% of GNI) 2.1 1.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) .. .. .. .. .. 16.6 .. .. .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Internet users .. 0 1480 90100 94000 98000 102000 106000 .. ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 .. ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) 1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) 8.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) 26.7 .. .. .. .. 32.5 .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) 4 .. .. .. .. 7.8 .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) 13.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 72.2 70.8 70.5 70.1 69.7 69.3 .. ..
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 55.1 58.1 58.4 57.1 56.9 56.7 56.5 56.5 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. .. 0.1 .. .. 0.1 0.1 .. 0.1
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. .. 29.7 31 33 .. .. .. .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) .. 0.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 19 33 35 26 40 31 42 45 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) 9 30 24 35 35 35 34 43 46 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 42.9 44.5 48.3 49.9 50 50.2 50.4 50.6 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 1100 1200 1200 .. .. 1200 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 412 .. 337 323 322 320 317 315 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 500 .. 394 379 378 376 373 370 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) .. 108 108 108 108 108 108 108 108 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) .. 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) 0 .. .. .. 0 .. .. .. .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) .. 180 180 180 .. 180 180 180 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Health index (life expectancy) 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 68.4 65.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 50.6 47.1
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Headcount ( k greater than or equal to 3), percentage population in poverty (% of population) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 81.2
MPI Intensity of deprivation .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 63.3
Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 99.7 99.5 99.5 99.5 99.5 99.5 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. 54.8 38.7 30.6 22.4 22.4 22.4 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 0 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 0.1 0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 687 672.5 658 .. ..


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