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Human Development Data for the Arab States

Sudan




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 10010.7 13183.6 16986.7 19062.5 19535.9 20033.2 20549.4 21076.7 21609.2 22145.1
Population, male (thousands) 10060.2 13310.6 17201.1 19347.8 19832.8 20340.4 20865.7 21401.6 21942.7 22487.3
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 20070.9 26494.2 34187.7 38410.3 39368.7 40373.6 41415.2 42478.3 43551.9 44632.4
Population, urban (% of population) 20 26.6 33.4 36.5 37.2 37.9 38.6 39.4 40.1 40.8
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 12000 3000 71500 104000 66000 33000 106000 76000 14000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) 25.9 .. 22.7 12.5 11.9 5.3 7.5 14.9 .. ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) 5530000 7060000 12400000 16000000 17900000 19700000 21000000 21800000 22800000 ..
GDP growth (annual %) 1.5 -5.5 8.4 6.3 11.3 10.2 6.8 4 4.5 ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) -1.7 -7.7 5.8 3.8 8.6 7.4 4.2 1.4 1.9 ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 16 5.8 7.6 18.2 17.3 15.5 15.8 13.9 15.2 ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 23.1 7.1 17.7 28.1 27.5 23.7 21.6 20.8 18.9 ..
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 25.4 65.2 8 8.5 7.2 8 14.3 11.2 13 ..
Military expenditure (% of central government expenditure) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 8.2 7.1 2 7 6 5 4.5 4.6 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 30.8 30.7 6.5 47.5 51.9 52.3 57.6 53.9 .. ..
Total debt service (% of exports of goods, services and income) 25.6 9.7 13.3 8 5 3.9 3 5.5 4.2 ..
Total debt service (% of GNI) 3.5 0.4 2.2 1.5 0.9 0.9 0.7 1 0.9 ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) .. .. 61.3 .. .. .. .. 70.2 .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 19.4 .. 29.1 34.1 38.1 38 .. .. .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 3.6 4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Internet users .. 0 8820 496000 3190000 3500000 4210000 .. .. ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 0 1.3 8.1 8.7 10.2 .. .. ..
Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) .. .. 60.9 .. .. .. .. 70.2 .. ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 0.9 1.5 2.4 2.8 2.9 2.9 3 3.1 3.1 3.1
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.6 .. .. .. .. 0.7 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) .. 4.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) 45 46.2 47.9 55 63.7 63.5 68.2 72.7 .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) 14 .. 25.3 32 33.1 32.7 34.4 39 .. ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) 1.5 2.5 6.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) .. .. 41.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 79 66.6 64.2 61.9 60.1 58.3 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. .. 0.7 .. .. .. .. .. 0.6
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 31.2 27.4 28.9 30.1 30.3 30.5 30.9 30.8 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. .. 0.2 .. .. 0.2 0.2 .. 0.3
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. 69.4 87 .. 49.2 .. .. .. .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 1.4 1.5 1.3 .. 1.3 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 38.8 63.8 87.4 120 147 161 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 0.9 1.4 1.6 2 2.3 2 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) 0.9 1.1 .. 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 .. .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) 1 62 62 78 78 84 86 81 90 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 57 58 69 73 79 79 82 90 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 49.3 52.5 57 59.5 59.9 60.2 60.5 60.8 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 830 770 760 .. .. 750 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 462 398 256 229 225 221 218 214 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 537 464 308 281 278 275 272 268 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 87.2 78.4 72.1 69.3 68.6 67.9 67.7 66.9 66.4 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 141 125 114 109 107 106 106 104 103 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) 0.1 .. 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 .. .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 138 124 115 111 .. 110 109 108 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Health index (life expectancy) 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. -5.4 -9.6 -3.1 -6.7 -5.8 -8.6 -7.1 .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 32.9 40.6 41.7 32 30.1 28.1 26.2 29.7 23.6 ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 570 680 1130 1530 1690 1830 1950 2010 2030 ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 38.5 33
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 28.3 .. .. .. 22 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 96 97.1 .. .. .. .. 97.1 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 4 2.3 .. .. .. .. 2.3 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 0 0.6 .. .. .. .. 0.6 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. 51.7 124 .. .. .. .. 57.6 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 0.8 0.6 1.1 1.1 0.3 0.3 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 743 724.5 706 .. ..


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