Human Development Data for the Arab States

South Asia




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 453982.3 576728 706471.4 768112.5 780230.1 792293.1 804339.6 816417.4 828556.1 840770
Population, male (thousands) 490671 619257 753730 816589.5 828548.2 840300.5 851962.1 863689.7 875590.2 887707.4
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 944653.3 1195985 1460201.4 1584702 1608778.3 1632593.6 1656301.7 1680107.1 1704146.4 1728477.4
Population, urban (% of population) 23.5 26.5 29 30.2 30.5 30.8 31.1 31.4 31.7 32
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 3230000 5590000 1570000 1550000 1830000 2970000 3050000 3990000 6380000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) 12 8.5 7.7 6.6 6.5 7.1 5.3 6.9 6.7 ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) 216000000 366000000 608000000 834000000 906000000 987000000 1030000000 1120000000 1210000000 ..
GDP growth (annual %) 6.5 5.4 4.3 8.7 8.7 9 4.7 8.1 8.1 ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) 3.9 3.2 2.4 7.2 7.1 7.5 3.3 6.6 6.6 ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 9.6 11.3 11.4 10.2 10.1 9.9 10.8 11.1 10.7 ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 13.2 11.6 15.9 22.9 25.1 25.1 28.9 25.1 24.7 ..
Military expenditure (% of central government expenditure) .. 22.4 19.9 18.7 17.2 16 15.1 16.3 .. ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 2.2 1.5 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 5.9 5.3 3 6.4 6.2 7 8 9.4 .. ..
Total debt service (% of exports of goods, services and income) 14.7 31.6 17.4 13.8 8.7 14.5 9.6 7 6.4 ..
Total debt service (% of GNI) 1.2 2.8 2.6 2.7 1.8 2.9 2.4 1.3 1.3 ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) .. 96 96.3 61.1 63.4 .. 67.8 56.4 .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 28.4 31.9 53.6 57.2 57.7 59.1 49 50.8 .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 6.3 7.3 8.1 9.4 9.5 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8
Internet users .. 0 5830000 38600000 46800000 67400000 84600000 98300000 132000000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 0.5 2.6 3.1 4.5 5.5 6.3 8.4 ..
Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) .. 46.5 57.9 .. .. .. .. 61.1 .. ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 1.9 3 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.6
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 .. .. .. .. 0.6 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) .. .. 4 3.3 3.3 4.3 2.8 .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) 8 .. 13.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) .. .. 89.5 107 107 108 110 110 .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) .. .. 43.6 49.6 50.4 52.3 54.6 54.6 .. ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) .. .. 8 9.3 10 11.4 11.4 .. .. ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) .. .. 79.7 89 88.9 90 90.7 90.7 .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 101 84.8 82 79.2 77 74.9 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. .. 0.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 33.3 34.9 33.9 34 34.4 34.6 34.9 34.7 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. 0 0.1 .. .. 0.1 0.1 .. 0.1
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. 32.1 35.8 .. .. .. .. 46.9 .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 1.1 1.2 1.2 .. 1.2 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 61.7 80.7 91 100 107 115 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 1.2 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) 0.7 0.7 .. 0.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) 6.2 66.9 63.7 71.4 71.1 74.2 74.6 75.9 76.3 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 55.9 57.2 68.5 73.3 76.5 77.3 76.9 77.3 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 55.4 58.5 61.9 63.6 64 64.3 64.6 65 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 579 396 298 .. .. 250 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 289 247 200 183 179 176 172 168 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 274 245 260 249 247 245 243 241 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 107 85.9 65.7 58 56.7 55.3 54.1 52.9 51.6 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 154 120 88.8 76.8 74.6 72.6 70.8 68.8 67 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) 0.3 0.4 .. .. .. .. .. 0.6 .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 156 121 95 80 .. 74 71 69 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
Health index (life expectancy) 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 10.6 13.9 20.9 21.6 23.1 17.8 22.9 .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 34.7 29.1 23.9 19.3 18.7 18.6 18.1 18.3 19.2 ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 492 881 1480 2140 2360 2630 2760 3010 3230 ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted education index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3
Inequality-adjusted HDI .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4
Inequality-adjusted income index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5
Loss due to inequality in education (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41.3 40.9
Loss due to inequality in income (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14.5 15.1
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 30.5 26.9
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 21 .. .. .. 20.3 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 92.1 92.3 87.3 89.7 92 91.6 91.2 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 4.9 5.9 6.2 5.2 4.2 5.5 6.9 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 3 1.7 6.4 5.1 3.8 2.9 2 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. .. .. .. 50.4 41.9 33.4 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 3.1 4.2 4.8 5 1.5 1.5 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. 7.3 3.4 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 0.4 0.7 1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 1310 1295 1280 .. ..


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