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Human Development Data for the Arab States

Oman




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 560.4 831.2 996.9 1091.5 1104.2 1114.4 1123.7 1134.6 1148.7 1166.8
Population, male (thousands) 621 1036.9 1267.2 1338.1 1386.4 1446.8 1513.3 1577.6 1633.7 1679.4
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 1181.3 1868.1 2264.2 2429.5 2490.6 2561.2 2637 2712.1 2782.4 2846.1
Population, urban (% of population) 47.6 66.1 71.6 71.9 72.1 72.3 72.6 72.8 73 73.3
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 8000 49000 118000 164000 285000 4000 66000 93000 36000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) 15.2 18.5 22.5 11.8 10.6 9.8 10.9 10.9 12.3 ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) 5360000 12700000 19900000 23600000 24900000 26600000 30000000 30400000 .. ..
GDP growth (annual %) 6 -0.1 5.4 4 5.5 6.8 12.8 1.1 .. ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) 0.2 -3.9 5.2 1.8 2.9 3.9 9.6 -1.7 .. ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 25 22.3 20.7 20.9 18.8 18.9 14.2 19.9 .. ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 37.7 27.6 31.4 31.2 32 40.2 37.4 41.5 .. ..
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) .. .. .. 1.9 3.2 6 12.1 3.9 3.2 ..
Military expenditure (% of central government expenditure) .. 50.8 40.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 2.9 0.5 0.2 0 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.5 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 142 32.7 19.9 -2.2 13.9 -12.2 12.1 78.2 .. ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) .. .. .. .. .. .. 86.6 .. .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 19.4 38.2 .. .. .. .. .. 70.1 .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 3.2 7.7 10.8 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.8 11.8
Internet users .. 0 79700 162000 207000 427000 527000 1400000 1740000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 3.5 6.7 8.3 16.7 20 51.5 62.6 ..
Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) .. .. .. .. .. .. 86.6 .. .. ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) .. .. .. 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) 1.9 .. 3.1 3.5 3.9 .. .. .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) 4.1 .. 18.2 24.2 31.1 .. .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) 45.2 82.6 90.7 .. .. .. .. 105 103 ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) 8.3 39.4 75.5 .. .. .. .. 100 101 ..
School enrollment, secondary (% net) .. .. 65.2 .. .. .. .. 89.7 88.8 ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) 0 3.9 11.3 .. .. .. .. 23.7 24.5 ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) 37.5 67.7 83.2 .. .. .. .. 81.2 .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 28.1 12.8 11 9.2 9.3 9.3 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 21.2 18.7 23.4 24.7 24.8 24.8 24.8 25.4 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. .. 0.1 .. .. 0.1 0.1 .. 0.1
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. .. 94.7 98 98.1 98.6 .. .. .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 2.1 1.9 1.9 .. 1.9 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 619 634 612 703 593 787 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 2.5 2.1 1.9 2 1.6 2.4 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) 1.6 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2 1.9 .. .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) 18 98 99 99 98 99 99 98 99 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) 22 98 99 98 96 97 97 97 97 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 60.8 70.6 74.1 73.6 73.3 73.1 73 73 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 49 27 22 .. .. 20 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 326 157 97.5 87.1 85.6 84.1 81.5 78.8 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 389 217 129 134 138 143 141 140 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 72.1 36.1 17.4 11.7 10.9 10 9.2 8.4 7.8 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 103 47.2 21.5 14.2 13.1 12 10.9 10.1 9.3 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) 0.5 0.6 1.3 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 .. .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 105 48 22 16 .. 14 13 12 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) .. .. .. 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Health index (life expectancy) 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Human Development Index (HDI) .. .. .. 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. -17.7 -12.2 -10.3 -8.4 3.1 -7.9 -7.9 .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 2.6 2.6 2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 5070 10300 16200 20400 22000 23500 25600 25200 .. ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.8
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 7.2
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 90.4 88.4 88.4 88.4 88.4 88.4 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 7.4 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 2.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. 94.7 .. .. 86.6 86.6 86.6 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 20.6 33.7 46 59.6 13.6 16.4 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. 11 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 5.1 5.5 9.7 14.3 15.6 15.8 17.3 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 547 531.5 516 .. ..


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