Human Development Data for the Arab States

OECD Members




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 498966.5 539740.9 580349.9 600812.6 604992.1 609184.8 613334.7 617368.4 621233.8 624905.6
Population, male (thousands) 477878.6 517763 559176.4 580211.3 584550 588917.6 593266.4 597533.7 601673.5 605663.6
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 976845.1 1057503.9 1139526.3 1181023.9 1189542.1 1198102.4 1206601.1 1214902.2 1222907.2 1230569.2
Population, urban (% of population) 68.3 71.5 74.1 75.5 75.8 76.1 76.4 76.6 76.9 77.2
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 12400000 11000000 8770000 7610000 10500000 13100000 9920000 8540000 9310000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) 10.5 9 6.7 6.7 6.4 6.7 6.9 8.1 7.4 ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) 14800000000 20100000000 26200000000 29000000000 29900000000 30700000000 30700000000 29500000000 30400000000 ..
GDP growth (annual %) 1.3 3.1 4.1 2.6 3 2.6 0.1 -4 3.1 ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) 0.4 2.2 3.3 1.9 2.2 1.9 -0.7 -4.7 2.4 ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 17.4 17.3 16.7 17.9 17.8 17.8 18.4 19.6 19.5 ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 18.8 17.9 23 24.1 25.6 26 27.3 22.9 25.5 ..
Military expenditure (% of central government expenditure) .. .. .. 10.4 10.4 10.1 10.1 10 .. ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 2.1 2.7 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.3 .. ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) 78.5 84.2 90.5 92 90.3 92.7 94.9 95.7 .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 44.6 46 85 88.2 88.5 89.2 89.6 92 .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 12.6 13.4 14.5 15.1 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.4 15.4
Internet users .. 2630000 320000000 646000000 681000000 749000000 779000000 824000000 863000000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0.2 27.8 54.1 56.6 61.8 63.8 67 69.8 ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 8.2 9.2 10.3 10.7 10.7 10.8 10.8 10.9 11 10.9
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 .. .. .. .. 1 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) .. .. 4.5 5 5.1 5 4 .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) 13.9 .. 11.7 12.6 12.3 12.5 12.4 .. .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 31.8 30.1 30 29.8 28.9 27.9 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. 0.3 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 44.4 48 49.4 50 50.3 50.4 50.8 50.5 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. 0.2 0.2 .. .. 0.3 0.3 .. 0.3
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 6.1 6.1 6.2 .. 6.2 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 2390 3180 3380 3560 3740 3950 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 6 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.9 7.4 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) 7.7 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.5 .. .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) 69.8 82.6 92.6 95.4 95.5 95.8 95.2 95.1 95.3 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) 57.8 82.2 91.3 93.1 93.6 93.3 93.5 93.5 93.8 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 72.2 74.6 77 78.2 78.5 78.7 78.9 79.1 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 22 20 22 .. .. 21 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 95.1 81.4 71.3 65.9 64.9 64.5 .. .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 183 161 136 125 123 121 .. .. .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 27.7 18.1 11.1 8.6 8.2 7.9 7.5 7.2 6.8 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 35.1 22.1 13.5 10.4 9.9 9.4 9 8.6 8.2 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) 1.6 1.9 .. .. .. .. .. 2.8 .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 34 21 13 10 .. 9 9 9 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Health index (life expectancy) 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 12.4 10.9 8.9 9.5 9.1 8 6.2 .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 4.2 3.1 2 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.5 ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 8370 15900 24300 29600 31700 33100 33900 32800 33900 ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted education index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.8
Inequality-adjusted HDI .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.8
Inequality-adjusted income index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.9
Loss due to inequality in education (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.4 9
Loss due to inequality in income (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 21.4 23.4
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.4 6
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 5 .. .. .. 5 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 42.2 44.9 40.2 41 41.8 43 44.1 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 13.2 15.8 13.7 14.6 15.5 16 16.4 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 44.6 39.3 46.1 44.5 42.8 41.1 39.4 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. .. .. .. 9.9 9.5 9 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 39.6 40.9 40.8 40.3 11 10.4 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. 1.7 0.6 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 11.2 10.8 10.9 10.9 10.8 10.7 10.5 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 8630 8570 8510 .. ..


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