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Human Development Data for the Arab States

Mauritania




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 763.2 1002.4 1321.3 1518.6 1559.1 1599.6 1640.1 1680.6 1721.2 1761.6
Population, male (thousands) 754.6 993.1 1321.4 1528.7 1570.9 1613.1 1655.2 1697 1738.6 1780
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 1517.8 1995.5 2642.7 3047.2 3130 3212.7 3295.3 3377.6 3459.8 3541.5
Population, urban (% of population) 27.4 39.7 40 40.4 40.6 40.7 40.9 41.2 41.4 41.7
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 22000 15000 31000 .. .. .. .. .. 4000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) .. .. 18.7 10.2 25 25.5 28.2 29.1 19.4 ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) 693000 816000 1080000 1320000 1570000 1480000 1530000 1520000 1590000 ..
GDP growth (annual %) 3.4 -1.8 1.9 5.5 19.4 -5.7 3.5 -1.2 5 ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) 0.4 -4.4 -1 2.6 16.2 -8.1 0.9 -3.6 2.5 ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 45.3 25.9 25.8 22.7 17.5 21.6 18.8 20.5 17.8 ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 66.7 60.7 74.2 95.7 61.6 68.9 76.6 67.5 63 ..
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) .. 6.6 3.3 12.1 6.2 7.3 7.4 2.2 6.3 ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 26.1 21.9 20.2 9.7 8.9 12.2 8.8 9.3 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 116 118 83.6 61.4 66.3 108 97 84.9 .. ..
Total debt service (% of exports of goods, services and income) 17.6 30.7 .. .. 5.8 7.4 3.1 4.8 .. ..
Total debt service (% of GNI) 7.1 13.5 7.6 3.4 3.9 4.3 1.8 2.5 3 ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) .. .. 51.2 .. .. .. .. 57.5 .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) .. 20.3 .. 47.7 49.4 50.3 .. .. .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 3.9 3.8 6.8 7.6 7.9 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
Internet users .. 0 5070 20400 30700 46100 61600 77000 100000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 0.2 0.7 1 1.4 1.9 2.3 2.9 ..
Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) .. .. 51.2 .. .. .. .. 57.5 .. ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 1.8 2.2 2.9 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.7
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 .. .. .. .. 0.4 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) .. .. .. 2.3 2.9 .. .. .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) .. .. .. 8.3 10.1 .. .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) 34.1 47.4 84.4 94.3 97.2 98.8 94.7 100 102 ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) .. 13.6 18.2 22.7 23.7 23.9 22.3 23.9 24.4 ..
School enrollment, secondary (% net) .. .. .. 14.5 14.7 15.9 .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) .. 3.1 4.3 3 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.8 4.4 ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) .. .. 62.6 75.9 78.9 80.2 76.9 76.3 .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 91.4 82.7 81 79.2 77.7 76.1 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. 0.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 51.6 52.5 55.6 57.6 57.7 58.1 58.5 59 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. 0 .. .. .. 0.2 0.2 .. 0.2
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. .. .. .. .. 60.9 .. .. .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 1.8 1.6 1.6 .. 1.6 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 48 46.4 40.7 49.6 54.2 46.5 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 3.1 2.2 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.6 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) .. 0.7 .. .. 0.4 .. .. .. .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 33 53 71 68 75 74 64 64 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 38 62 61 62 67 65 59 67 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 53 55.9 57 57.2 57.3 57.5 57.7 57.9 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 780 640 590 .. .. 550 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 416 365 236 231 230 229 226 223 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 505 441 305 301 300 299 296 293 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 93 80.3 77 76.2 76.2 75.8 75.7 75.4 75.3 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 156 124 116 114 114 113 112 112 111 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) .. 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 153 129 122 119 .. 118 118 117 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Health index (life expectancy) 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 5.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 30.4 29.6 27.6 23.7 14.6 18.8 18.9 20.6 20.2 ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 880 1180 1390 1690 1700 1850 1930 1910 1960 ..
Population living below $1.25 PPP per day (%) .. .. 21.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Income Gini coefficient .. .. 39 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Inequality-adjusted education index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2
Inequality-adjusted HDI .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3
Inequality-adjusted income index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4
Loss due to inequality in education (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 43.2 43.2
Loss due to inequality in income (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 21.5 21.5
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 38.9 36.2
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Headcount ( k greater than or equal to 3), percentage population in poverty (% of population) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 61.7
MPI Intensity of deprivation .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 57.1
Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 8.3 .. .. .. 8 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 93.7 .. .. .. .. 93.7 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 4.7 .. .. .. .. 4.7 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 1.6 .. .. .. .. 1.6 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. 400 .. .. .. .. 14 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 5 1.7 2 2 0.6 0.6 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.4 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 0.4 1.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 125 121.5 118 .. ..


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