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Human Development Data for the Arab States

Morocco




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 9780.7 12420.5 14536.9 15413.9 15585.8 15758.1 15931.3 16106 16282.5 16461.2
Population, male (thousands) 9786.2 12360.6 14256.4 14978.6 15116.2 15253.1 15390.2 15528.6 15668.9 15811.8
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 19566.9 24781.1 28793.2 30392.5 30702.1 31011.2 31321.5 31634.5 31951.4 32273
Population, urban (% of population) 41.2 48.4 53.3 55.2 55.8 56.4 57 57.6 58.2 58.8
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 429000 127000 123000 87000 44000 29000 46000 37000 138000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) 19.8 9.8 13.7 10.6 9.3 12.3 11.8 11.2 11.4 ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) 20100000 29300000 37000000 47200000 50900000 52200000 55200000 57800000 59900000 ..
GDP growth (annual %) 3.6 4 1.6 3 7.8 2.7 5.6 4.8 3.7 ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) 1 2.1 0.3 1.9 6.6 1.6 4.5 3.7 2.6 ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 18.3 15.5 18.4 19.4 18.5 18.2 17.1 18.2 17.5 ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 26.7 31.9 33.4 37.9 39.7 44.9 50.9 39.7 42.9 ..
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 9.4 6.8 1.9 1 3.3 2 3.7 1 1 ..
Military expenditure (% of central government expenditure) .. .. .. 11.4 11.7 11 10.9 12 .. ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 4.9 4.2 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.2 1 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 45.9 42.3 14.5 22.7 34 34.6 33.9 28.8 .. ..
Total debt service (% of exports of goods, services and income) 44.2 28.4 25.2 14 15.1 14.2 12.1 12.5 10.7 ..
Total debt service (% of GNI) 7.9 7.2 7.5 4.6 5.3 5.4 4.8 3.9 3.7 ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) .. .. .. .. .. .. 55.1 56.1 .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 28.3 25.8 50.5 58.8 59.6 61 .. .. .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 5.9 6.6 8.4 10.1 10.1 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Internet users .. 0 200000 4580000 6070000 6670000 10400000 13100000 15700000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 0.7 15.1 19.8 21.5 33.1 41.3 49 ..
Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) .. .. .. 53 53.7 54.4 55.1 56.1 .. ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 1.2 2.2 3.4 3.9 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.4
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 .. .. .. .. 0.6 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) 5.9 .. 5.8 .. 5.5 .. 5.6 .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) 18.5 .. 23.5 27 26.1 25.9 25.7 .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) 79.1 67.7 92.5 107 106 108 107 108 111 ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) 23.7 37.5 38.1 49.7 52.7 56.1 .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% net) .. .. 30.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) 4.9 10.9 9.5 11.4 12 11.5 12.6 13.2 .. ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) 58.9 57 75.9 87.7 88.5 89.3 89.9 90.1 .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 22.5 16.9 16 15.1 14.3 13.4 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. 0.7 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. 0.5
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 23.5 24.5 27.5 26.2 26.2 26.5 26.5 26.2 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. 0 0.1 .. .. 0.1 0.1 .. 0.1
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 1.4 1.7 1.7 .. 1.7 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 107 180 204 211 231 251 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 1.2 1.5 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.9 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) .. 1.3 .. 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.1 .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 81 95 98 97 95 99 99 99 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 79 93 97 95 95 96 98 98 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 57.6 64.1 68.7 70.4 70.7 71 71.3 71.6 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 270 160 130 .. .. 110 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 207 184 119 104 101 98.2 95.9 93.5 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 264 234 174 158 155 152 149 146 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 94.6 66.8 46.2 37.6 36 34.4 33 31.7 30.4 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 135 85.9 55.3 44.2 42.2 40.3 38.6 37 35.5 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) .. .. 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 143 89 55 45 .. 41 39 38 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Health index (life expectancy) 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 20.6 19.3 26.7 27.2 26.7 22.6 25 .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 18.5 18.3 14.9 14.7 16.9 13.7 14.6 16.4 15.4 ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 1230 1870 2520 3460 3810 3990 4240 4440 4600 ..
Population living below $1.25 PPP per day (%) .. .. .. .. .. 2.5 .. .. .. ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Income Gini coefficient .. .. .. .. .. 40.9 .. .. .. ..
Inequality-adjusted education index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2
Inequality-adjusted HDI .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4
Inequality-adjusted income index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.7
Loss due to inequality in education (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 42.7 45.8
Loss due to inequality in income (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 20.7 23
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 18.3 16.7
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Headcount ( k greater than or equal to 3), percentage population in poverty (% of population) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10.6
MPI Intensity of deprivation .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 45.3
Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 6 .. .. .. 5 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 87.4 .. .. .. .. 87.4 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 9.8 .. .. .. .. 9.8 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 2.9 .. .. .. .. 2.9 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. 43.4 .. .. .. .. 43.4 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 3.5 4.3 5.7 5.4 1.5 1.5 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.1 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 935 926 917 .. ..


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