Human Development Data for the Arab States

Least Developed Countries: UN classification




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 197280.8 255171.7 330891.3 372430.7 380961.6 389555.6 398264.1 407158.1 416287.7 425669.2
Population, male (thousands) 196424.8 254854.3 331011.8 372758.8 381181.6 389610.6 398135.3 406880.1 415932.5 425323.1
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 393768.3 510106.9 661996.5 745291.1 762246.5 779271.1 796505.7 814146 832329.6 851103.2
Population, urban (% of population) 17.3 20.9 24.6 26.8 27.2 27.7 28.2 28.7 29.2 29.7
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 1630000 .. .. 733000 489000 493000 556000 .. .. ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) .. .. 18.1 16.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) .. 133000000 186000000 247000000 265000000 287000000 307000000 320000000 338000000 ..
GDP growth (annual %) .. 1.5 4.5 7.3 7.5 8 7 4.5 5.4 ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) .. -1.1 2 4.9 5.1 5.6 4.7 2.2 3.1 ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) .. 11.1 9.7 10.6 10.5 10.1 9.9 9.8 9.6 ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 25 20.9 27 31.9 32.7 33.1 33.9 31.5 31.2 ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 7.3 10.8 6.8 8.5 8 7.7 7.3 7.4 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 21.7 32 18.7 34.6 37.2 42.1 48.3 49.1 .. ..
Total debt service (% of GNI) 3.4 3.1 3.2 2.5 2.6 2.4 1.5 1.7 1.3 ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) 27.6 53.4 70.8 31.6 53.1 30.1 77.6 64.2 .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 24.1 26.5 39.7 47.5 49.5 50.5 53 54.4 .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 4.8 5 6.2 7.6 7.8 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.3
Internet users .. 0 642000 7270000 13200000 17900000 24100000 25200000 32100000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 0.1 1 1.8 2.3 3 3.3 4.4 ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 1.6 2.4 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 .. .. .. .. 0.6 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) .. 8.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.6 .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) 14.3 .. 15 .. .. .. 16.8 .. .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 125 111 108 104 102 99.2 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. .. 0.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 61.9 62.7 61.6 62.6 62.7 62.8 62.9 63.3 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. 0.2 0.2 .. .. 0.2 0.3 .. 0.3
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. .. 34.6 .. .. .. .. 40.1 .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 1.9 2.1 2 .. 2 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 30.7 46.3 54.5 59.1 64.5 72.2 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.5 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) .. 0.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 56.5 61.4 74 75.3 78.4 78.7 79.9 79.8 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 55 59.6 70.4 72.6 75.6 75 77 77.7 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 48.5 51.1 54.4 56.6 57 57.5 57.9 58.3 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 869 701 599 .. .. 534 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 384 361 302 281 276 271 266 262 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 443 413 337 316 311 306 302 298 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 127 106 87.9 79.4 77.7 76 74.3 72.7 71.3 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 205 171 139 124 121 118 115 112 110 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) .. 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 204 177 145 131 .. 125 123 120 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Health index (life expectancy) 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 3.9 5.3 9.1 9.3 11.5 9.6 11.4 .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 37.2 37 32.2 28.9 27.7 26.9 25.9 26.7 24.5 ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) .. 555 759 1040 1140 1250 1340 1420 1480 ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted education index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2
Inequality-adjusted HDI .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3
Inequality-adjusted income index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4
Loss due to inequality in education (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37.1 36.8
Loss due to inequality in income (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22.5 25.3
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39.3 34.7
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 34.7 .. .. .. 28.9 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 95.2 92.9 94.3 94 95.6 93.7 91.8 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 4.6 5.6 4.9 4.5 3.2 4.9 6.7 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 0.2 1.4 0.8 1.5 1.2 1.4 1.5 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. .. .. .. 3.8 3.3 2.8 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.2 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. 1.3 0.1 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 5920 5790 5660 .. ..


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