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Human Development Data for the Arab States

Libya




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 1426.2 2061.2 2541.1 2825 2886.6 2949.4 3012.2 3073.6 3132.3 3187.9
Population, male (thousands) 1636.8 2273.3 2690.1 2944.7 3007.2 3073.7 3137.4 3189.1 3222.8 3234.9
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 3063 4334.5 5231.2 5769.7 5893.7 6023.1 6149.6 6262.7 6355.1 6422.8
Population, urban (% of population) 70.1 75.7 76.4 77 77.2 77.3 77.5 77.7 77.9 78.1
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 3050000 5000 78000 49666.7 2000 2000 4500 7000 7000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) 19.3 22.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) .. .. 33900000 41500000 44000000 46600000 48400000 49400000 .. ..
GDP growth (annual %) .. .. 3.7 9.9 5.9 6 3.8 2.1 .. ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) .. .. 1.8 7.7 3.7 3.7 1.7 0.3 .. ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) .. 24.4 20.8 11.8 10.7 11.6 9.3 .. .. ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) .. 31.1 15.5 28.3 25.5 29.4 27.5 .. .. ..
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 9.7 8.5 -2.9 2.7 1.5 6.3 10.4 2.5 .. ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) .. .. .. 0.1 0.1 0 0.1 0.1 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 4 1.9 .. 4.1 6.4 3.2 9.8 6.3 .. ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 88.9 .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 57.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 12.6 12.7 16 16.6 16.6 16.6 16.6 16.6 16.6 16.6
Internet users .. 0 9780 226000 253000 284000 316000 345000 364000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 0.2 3.9 4.3 4.7 5.1 5.5 5.7 ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 2.2 3.8 5.6 6.4 6.5 6.7 6.9 7.1 7.3 7.3
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.1 .. .. .. .. 1.3 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) 3.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% net) 58.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 4.2 3.4 3.3 3.2 3 2.9 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. .. 0.4 .. .. .. .. .. 0.3
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. .. 0.1 .. .. 0.1 0.1 .. 0.1
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 1.7 1.6 1.9 .. 1.9 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 359 387 378 462 502 709 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 1.9 1.6 1.4 1.8 2.1 2.6 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) .. 4.2 .. 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 .. ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 60 68.1 72.5 73.6 73.9 74.1 74.3 74.5 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 100 74 68 .. .. 64 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 218 185 107 95.1 92.8 90.4 88.6 86.8 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 276 234 170 153 149 146 143 140 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 49.4 32.9 21.6 17 16.3 15.4 14.7 14 13.4 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 73.3 44.5 27.2 21.3 20.4 19.4 18.5 17.7 16.9 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) 1.3 1.1 .. .. .. .. .. 1.9 .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 68 36 25 21 .. 20 19 19 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Health index (life expectancy) 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Human Development Index (HDI) .. .. .. 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Income index (GNI per capita) .. .. .. 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) .. .. .. 2.3 2 2.1 1.9 .. .. ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) .. .. .. 13900 15300 16500 16700 16900 .. ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.8
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.1 9.7
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 5 .. .. .. 5 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 89.9 82.9 .. .. .. .. 82.9 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 8.6 14.1 .. .. .. .. 14.1 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 1.5 3.1 .. .. .. .. 3.1 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. 793 718 .. .. .. .. 718 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 33.9 34.1 34 33.7 9.3 9.3 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. -1.5 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 8.8 9.3 9.5 9 9.1 9 9.5 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 99.6 97.7 95.8 .. ..


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