Human Development Data for the Arab States

Latin America & Caribbean (developing only)




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 179203.6 220146.1 260164.2 278596.5 282092.3 285524.7 288910.1 292270.6 295621.5 298968.7
Population, male (thousands) 178380.2 217629.5 255535.1 272618.4 275867.4 279068 282238.2 285401.2 288572.3 291759.2
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 357772.5 437949.4 515892.7 551416.9 558163.2 564797.5 571354.4 577879.3 584402.7 590938.3
Population, urban (% of population) 64.2 70.3 75.3 77.6 78 78.4 78.8 79.1 79.5 79.8
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 2820000 1080000 969000 1210000 2070000 2220000 1800000 1380000 1740000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) 13.8 11.9 6.9 6.8 6.5 6.8 7.6 8.1 7.3 ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) 1320000000 1500000000 2050000000 2330000000 2470000000 2620000000 2730000000 2680000000 2850000000 ..
GDP growth (annual %) 6.1 0.3 4 4.9 5.8 5.9 4.3 -1.8 6.2 ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) 3.7 -1.6 2.5 3.6 4.5 4.7 3.1 -2.9 5 ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 10.5 11.8 14.7 14.4 14.4 14.6 14.8 16.1 15.5 ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 14.9 14.9 21.1 21.8 22.1 22.9 24 20.8 22.3 ..
Military expenditure (% of central government expenditure) .. 4.9 7.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 5.9 11.6 9.4 12.2 13.2 12.4 16.4 15.8 .. ..
Total debt service (% of exports of goods, services and income) 37.7 24.5 40.4 23 24.6 16.6 14.2 16.8 13.8 ..
Total debt service (% of GNI) 6.5 4.2 9.1 6 6.6 4.3 3.6 3.6 2.9 ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) 80 88.1 88 91 89.5 90.9 91.6 93.3 .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 45.5 45.2 80.2 82.5 81 83.1 84.3 83.6 .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 11.5 12 12.8 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.6 13.6
Internet users .. 0 19700000 90800000 115000000 133000000 150000000 177000000 197000000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 3.8 16.5 20.7 23.7 26.4 30.7 33.9 ..
Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) .. 84.2 89.6 .. .. .. .. 91.1 .. ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 4.1 5.3 6.6 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.8
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.8 0.9 1 1 .. .. .. .. 1 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) .. .. 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.6 3.7 .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) 15.1 .. 15.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) .. .. 121 118 117 117 116 117 .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) .. .. 83.4 88.1 88.1 88.1 89.1 89.6 .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% net) .. .. 61.3 69.4 70.3 71.4 72.7 73 .. ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) .. .. 22.4 30.7 33 35.2 36.7 37 .. ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) .. .. 94 95.4 95.4 95.3 94.9 95.1 .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 83.3 76.8 75.2 73.7 73.1 72.5 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. .. 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 36.1 40.5 46.9 50 50.8 51 51.6 51.7 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. 0.1 0.2 .. .. 0.2 0.3 .. 0.3
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. 71.8 85.6 .. .. .. .. 89.4 .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 3.4 3.4 3.5 .. 3.5 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 443 590 638 693 734 785 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.9 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) .. 2.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) 37 68.1 90.7 93.2 93.1 92.8 92.1 92.8 92.7 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) 43.2 76 92.9 93.4 94.8 94.4 94.6 94.4 93.2 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 64.4 68.2 71.6 72.9 73.1 73.4 73.6 73.9 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 134 99 85 .. .. 80 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 155 129 117 108 106 104 102 100 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 229 197 211 197 194 191 188 185 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 63.1 43 28.5 22.4 21.4 20.5 19.5 18.6 18.1 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 83.4 54.4 34.5 26.9 25.6 24.4 23.3 22.2 23.3 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) .. 1.4 .. .. .. .. .. 2.2 .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 82 52 33 26 .. 24 23 22 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Health index (life expectancy) 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 6.4 5.9 7.3 7.9 7.8 6.7 6.2 .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 9.9 8.8 5.6 6.1 5.8 6 6.3 6 6.3 ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 3540 4640 6720 8400 9090 9850 10400 10300 10900 ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted education index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5
Inequality-adjusted HDI .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5
Inequality-adjusted income index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.7
Loss due to inequality in education (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22.4 23.2
Loss due to inequality in income (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 36.3 39.3
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 15.1 13.4
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 10.6 .. .. .. 8.9 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 66.7 58.3 54.6 67.3 67.7 68.1 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 20.9 25.7 28 20 20.3 20.6 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 12.4 16 17.5 12.7 12 11.3 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. .. .. .. 2 1.8 1.6 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 8.9 9.3 9.6 9.9 2.8 2.9 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. 2.2 1.5 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.8 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 23900 23600 23300 .. ..


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