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Human Development Data for the Arab States

Kuwait




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 588.2 976.5 795.7 905.5 940.1 980.2 1023 1065 1103.5 1137.6
Population, male (thousands) 788.8 1111.2 1145.1 1358.5 1411.3 1467.7 1525.4 1581.3 1633.3 1680.5
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 1377 2087.7 1940.8 2264 2351.4 2447.8 2548.4 2646.3 2736.7 2818
Population, urban (% of population) 94.8 98 98.2 98.3 98.3 98.3 98.3 98.4 98.4 98.4
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 41000 314000 247000 16000 147500 279000 5000 18000 17000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) 14.8 17.1 14 12.7 14.4 13 14.7 .. .. ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) .. .. 37700000 56000000 58900000 61400000 .. .. .. ..
GDP growth (annual %) -20.6 27.9 4.7 10.6 5.2 4.4 .. .. .. ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) -24.5 .. 0.2 7 1.3 0.3 .. .. .. ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 11.2 38.7 21.5 15.7 13.9 14 13.3 20.5 .. ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 34.3 58.1 30.1 28.3 24.2 28.3 25.7 28 .. ..
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 6.9 9.8 2.5 4.1 3.1 5.5 10.6 4 4 ..
Military expenditure (% of central government expenditure) .. 105 23.4 18.2 17 12.4 13.8 7.4 13.1 ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 0 0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 7.4 2.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) 67.5 .. .. 93.3 93.3 94.5 93.9 .. .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 33.5 29.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 11.1 10.9 13.1 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3
Internet users .. 0 131000 587000 677000 773000 873000 975000 1050000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 6.7 25.9 28.8 31.6 34.3 36.9 38.3 ..
Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) 67.5 .. .. 93.3 93.3 94.5 93.9 .. .. ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 4.3 5.5 6.1 6 6 6 6 6.1 6.1 6.1
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.8 1 1 1.1 .. .. .. .. 1.2 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) 2.8 .. .. 4.7 3.8 .. .. .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) 8.3 .. .. 12.7 12.9 .. .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) 103 91.2 103 113 111 112 106 .. .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) 77.6 82.6 108 111 105 104 101 .. .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% net) 70.1 .. 97.1 90.4 90.6 91.2 90.3 .. .. ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) 10.9 12.4 22.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) 83.1 63.7 88.4 86.5 88.5 94.1 93.4 .. .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 20.4 14.7 14.3 13.8 13.9 14 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. 0.4 0.4 .. .. .. .. .. 0.2
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 19.3 36 44.3 45.2 44.9 44.9 44.3 45.4 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. 0 0 .. .. 0 0.1 .. 0.1
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 1.6 1.6 1.7 .. 1.7 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 632 816 815 797 932 1500 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.5 2.8 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) 4.1 .. .. 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 .. .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) 67 71 98 99 99 99 99 99 98 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) 48 66 99 99 99 99 99 99 98 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 70.5 72.7 73.8 74.1 74.2 74.3 74.4 74.5 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 10 8 9 .. .. 9 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 116 79.7 71.3 66.6 65.7 64.8 63.9 63 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 172 130 107 104 104 103 103 103 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 29.9 13.2 10.4 9.8 9.8 9.7 9.7 9.6 9.6 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 34.1 15.4 12.6 11.7 11.6 11.5 11.3 11.2 11.1 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) 1.7 0.2 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 30 17 13 11 .. 10 10 10 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Health index (life expectancy) 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. -9.1 11.6 13.7 21.5 17.2 15.7 15.7 .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 0.2 0.6 0.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 25200 .. 40000 53100 56500 58400 .. .. .. ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.8
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7.3 6.7
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 5.8 .. .. .. 5 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 53.9 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 43.9 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.3 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2470 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 69.7 117 122.1 114.3 34.1 26.3 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. -0.6 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 17.9 21.8 30.5 34.1 30.6 29.8 30.1 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 0 .. 0 .. ..


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