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Human Development Data for the Arab States

Jordan




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 1098.3 1623.8 2317 2579.3 2656.8 2744 2835.7 2924.4 3005 3075.5
Population, male (thousands) 1200.4 1791.7 2510.1 2762.7 2838.3 2923.4 3013.3 3101.2 3182.2 3254.7
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 2298.7 3415.6 4827.1 5342 5495.1 5667.4 5849 6025.6 6187.2 6330.2
Population, urban (% of population) 59.9 72.2 78.3 78.3 78.3 78.4 78.4 78.5 78.5 78.6
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 403000 14000 130000 35000 48000 186000 161000 237000 114000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) 18.2 25.9 21.3 13.6 13.3 15.1 16.8 17 16.2 ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) 4210000 5130000 8460000 11500000 12400000 13500000 14500000 14900000 15300000 ..
GDP growth (annual %) 19 1 4.2 8.1 7.9 8.5 7.6 2.3 3.1 ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) 14.6 -2.7 1.7 5.7 5.5 6.1 5.3 0.1 0.9 ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 28.8 24.9 23.7 19.5 21.2 23.3 23.6 23.5 21.4 ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 84.2 92.7 68.5 94.2 84.6 88.4 84.7 65 65.9 ..
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 11.1 16.2 0.7 3.5 6.3 5.4 14.9 -0.7 5 ..
Military expenditure (% of central government expenditure) .. 26.1 23.1 13.5 14.2 17.8 19.4 19.6 .. ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 31.8 23.3 6.5 5.2 3.6 2.9 3.1 3 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 585 279 115 123 105 93.4 126 129 .. ..
Total debt service (% of exports of goods, services and income) 12.3 24.4 17.6 8.3 7.5 7.2 19.7 4.8 4.9 ..
Total debt service (% of GNI) 5.2 16.5 8.6 4.8 4.3 4.2 11.6 2.3 2.4 ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) .. .. .. 91.1 .. 92.2 .. .. .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 51.4 48.2 75.4 76.8 76.5 76.7 78.3 .. .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 12 12.2 12.5 12.8 12.8 12.8 13.1 13.1 13.1 13.1
Internet users .. 0 127000 691000 762000 1130000 1350000 1570000 2350000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 2.6 12.8 13.8 20 23.2 26.5 38.9 ..
Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) .. .. .. 91.1 91.7 92.2 .. .. .. ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 3.1 5.1 7.3 8 8.1 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.6
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.7 .. .. .. .. 0.8 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) 6.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) 14.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) 110 106 98 105 103 99.2 97 .. .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) 76.4 79.9 84.2 86.1 88.9 89.7 91.1 .. .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% net) .. .. 77.7 77.5 82.5 83.4 84.2 .. .. ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) 15.2 21 28.3 38.2 37.7 38.6 41.1 41.8 .. ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) 98.6 .. 96.1 95.4 94 93.5 93.8 .. .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 34.8 28.3 27.4 26.5 25.9 25.4 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. 0.6 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. 0.5
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 12.5 15.2 21.6 22.1 22.2 22.8 23.4 23.3 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. 0 0.1 .. .. 0.1 0.1 .. 0.1
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. 87.2 .. .. .. 99.1 .. .. .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 5.1 4.6 5.4 .. 5.4 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 301 377 380 427 496 499 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 4.7 4.8 4.7 5.2 5.9 6 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) 1.3 1.8 .. 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) 30 92 91 95 98 98 97 98 98 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) 29 87 94 95 99 95 95 95 98 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 67 70.4 72.1 72.6 72.8 72.9 73 73.2 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 110 79 66 .. .. 59 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) .. .. 116 108 106 104 103 101 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) .. .. 157 149 148 147 145 144 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 48.1 32.2 24.6 21.3 20.7 20.1 19.5 18.9 18.4 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 60.1 38.3 29.4 25.2 24.5 23.8 23.1 22.3 21.7 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) 0.8 .. 2 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.5 .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 64 39 30 27 .. 26 26 25 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Health index (life expectancy) 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 17.6 14.9 10.2 12.7 4 3.5 3 .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 7.9 8.1 2.4 3.1 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.9 2.9 ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 2150 2250 3220 4450 4860 5360 5720 5790 5800 ..
Population living below $1.25 PPP per day (%) .. .. .. .. 0.4 .. .. .. .. ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Income Gini coefficient .. .. .. .. 37.7 .. .. .. .. ..
Inequality-adjusted education index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6
Inequality-adjusted HDI .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6
Inequality-adjusted income index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.7
Loss due to inequality in education (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 25.1 22.4
Loss due to inequality in income (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 18.7 21.1
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13.3 13.1
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Headcount ( k greater than or equal to 3), percentage population in poverty (% of population) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.4
MPI Intensity of deprivation .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 34.4
Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 5 .. .. .. 5 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. .. 65 65 65 65 65 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. .. 31 31 31 31 31 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. .. 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. .. 137 118.2 99.4 99.4 99.4 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 11.7 11.8 14.1 13.3 3.7 3.5 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.3 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 2.2 3.3 3.2 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.7 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 120 117.5 115 .. ..


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