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Human Development Data for the Arab States

Iraq




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 6735.8 8753.6 11935.8 13638.9 14026.4 14435.6 14866.1 15316.3 15784.7 16272.1
Population, male (thousands) 7007.7 8620.2 11921.6 13720.6 14114.6 14525 14955 15408.3 15886.9 16392.9
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 13743.5 17373.8 23857.5 27359.5 28141 28960.6 29821.1 30724.6 31671.6 32664.9
Population, urban (% of population) 65.5 69.7 67.8 66.9 66.7 66.6 66.4 66.3 66.2 66.1
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 2110000 769000 .. 165000 282000 257000 367000 388000 464000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) .. .. 1.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) .. .. 25900000 19000000 20200000 20500000 22400000 23400000 23600000 ..
GDP growth (annual %) .. .. -4.3 -0.7 6.2 1.5 9.5 4.2 0.8 ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) .. .. -7.2 -3.2 3.1 -1.5 6.3 1.1 -2.1 ..
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) .. .. 5 37 53.2 -10.1 12.7 6.9 2.9 ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 0 0.1 .. 78.8 21.4 17.1 11.9 4.6 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 0.6 3.5 4.1 799 312 314 327 89.8 .. ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) .. .. 74.1 .. .. .. .. 78.1 .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 49.2 .. 53.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 10.3 9.4 8.5 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8
Internet users .. 0 .. 194000 268000 269000 298000 326000 792000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 .. 0.7 0.9 0.9 1 1.1 2.5 ..
Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) .. .. 74.1 .. .. .. .. 78.1 .. ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 1.5 2.9 4.8 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.6
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 .. .. .. .. 0.5 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) 2.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) 107 103 95.4 103 104 105 .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) 51.5 43.7 37.5 49.4 51.2 52.9 .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% net) .. .. 32.3 41.7 43 44.3 .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) 8.4 .. 12 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) 92.6 84.8 86.1 87.8 87.7 87.5 .. .. .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 65.6 87.3 92.6 98 95.6 93.1 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. .. 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. 0.6
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 9.8 10.9 12.6 13.4 13.4 13.4 13.3 13.8 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. .. 0 .. .. 0.3 0.3 .. 0.3
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. .. 72.1 .. 88.5 79.7 .. .. .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 3 2.5 1.9 .. 1.9 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 35.7 112 109 97.9 107 167 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 0.4 3.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.8 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) 2 1.7 .. 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) 14 83 78 65 57 51 61 67 65 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) 9 75 87 69 62 64 75 80 73 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 57.3 67.5 70.7 68.5 68.1 67.9 67.9 68.1 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 93 84 82 .. .. 75 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 191 154 107 116 118 120 118 116 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 207 193 164 211 225 239 253 267 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 52.2 36.8 34.4 32.9 32.7 32.2 32.1 31.9 31.4 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 69 46.1 42.8 40.7 40.4 39.7 39.5 39.2 38.6 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 81 53 48 45 .. 44 44 44 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Health index (life expectancy) 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Human Development Index (HDI) .. .. .. 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Income index (GNI per capita) .. .. .. 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) .. .. 5.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) .. .. .. 2670 2930 3030 3370 3390 3370 ..
Population living below $1.25 PPP per day (%) .. .. .. .. .. 4 .. .. .. ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6
Loss due to inequality in education (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 33 ..
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 20.4 20.3
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Headcount ( k greater than or equal to 3), percentage population in poverty (% of population) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14.2
MPI Intensity of deprivation .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41.3
Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 92 78.8 .. .. .. .. 78.8 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 3 6.5 .. .. .. .. 6.5 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 5 14.7 .. .. .. .. 14.7 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. 122 187 .. .. .. .. 87.3 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 10.4 10.9 11.6 11.9 3.4 3.4 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. 1 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 3.3 2.9 3 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.4 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 1200 1165 1130 .. ..


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