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Human Development Data for the Arab States

Egypt




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 22429.1 28276.3 33613.6 36898.6 37587.6 38281.6 38979.8 39682 40387.5 41095
Population, male (thousands) 22523.4 28567 34034.8 37304.7 37980.9 38660 39343.5 40034.2 40733.6 41441.7
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 44952.5 56843.3 67648.4 74203.2 75568.5 76941.6 78323.3 79716.2 81121.1 82536.8
Population, urban (% of population) 43.9 43.5 42.8 43 43.1 43.1 43.2 43.3 43.4 43.5
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 992000 579000 788000 641000 774000 692000 250000 174000 681000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) 32.4 31.5 25.1 20.1 19 20.3 17.2 17.2 19.1 ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) 38500000 65600000 99800000 119000000 127000000 136000000 146000000 152000000 160000000 ..
GDP growth (annual %) 10 5.7 5.4 4.5 6.8 7.1 7.2 4.7 5.2 ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) 7.5 3.5 3.5 2.6 4.9 5.2 5.3 2.9 3.3 ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 15.7 11.3 11.2 12.7 12.3 11.3 10.9 11.4 11.2 ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 42.9 32.7 22.8 32.6 31.6 34.8 38.6 31.6 26.1 ..
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 20.8 16.8 2.7 4.9 7.6 9.3 18.3 11.8 11.3 ..
Military expenditure (% of central government expenditure) .. 19.4 .. 10.4 8.4 8.5 7.6 7.1 .. ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 6.5 12.9 1.3 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.5 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 30.8 95.4 19.6 13.4 11.6 14.4 17.2 11.6 .. ..
Total debt service (% of exports of goods, services and income) 19 28.6 9.8 7.1 6.3 6.1 5.6 6.4 6 ..
Total debt service (% of GNI) 5.8 7.3 1.8 2.5 2.3 2.2 2 1.5 1.4 ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) .. .. .. 71.4 66.4 .. .. .. .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 30.4 35.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 7.5 9.1 11.4 11 11 11 11 11 11 11
Internet users .. 0 434000 8680000 9490000 12300000 14100000 19400000 21700000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 0.6 11.7 12.6 16.1 18 24.3 26.7 ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 2 3.5 4.7 5.5 5.7 5.9 6 6.2 6.4 6.4
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 .. .. .. .. 0.7 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) 4.2 .. .. 4.8 4 3.7 3.8 .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) .. .. .. 16 12 12.6 11.9 .. .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% net) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) .. .. 89.1 92.9 91.3 95.4 95.4 95.4 .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 55 48.9 47.8 46.6 45.4 44.2 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. 0.7 0.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. 0 0 .. .. 0 0 .. ..
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. 35.9 60.9 74.2 75.8 77.3 78.9 .. .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 2.3 2.6 2.4 .. 2.4 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 189 227 247 249 261 285 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 2.2 2.1 2.3 2 2 2.1 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) 2 2.1 .. 2.2 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.7 .. ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 56.2 62 69.1 71.5 71.9 72.2 72.5 72.7 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 220 110 90 .. .. 82 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 204 190 120 98 94.6 91.2 89.1 87 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 257 230 181 156 152 148 145 143 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 114 67.8 37 26.5 24.7 22.9 21.5 20 18.6 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 166 93.5 46.5 31.9 29.6 27.3 25.5 23.6 21.8 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) 1.1 0.8 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 176 90 47 30 .. 25 23 21 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Health index (life expectancy) 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 11.7 8.3 2.1 4.8 7.2 4.1 3.1 .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 18.3 19.4 16.7 14.9 14.1 14.1 13.2 13.7 14 ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 1220 2280 3710 4480 4890 5310 5710 5940 6060 ..
Population living below $1.25 PPP per day (%) .. .. 1.8 2 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Income Gini coefficient .. .. .. 32.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Inequality-adjusted education index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3
Inequality-adjusted HDI .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5
Inequality-adjusted income index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.7
Loss due to inequality in education (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 43.6 40.9
Loss due to inequality in income (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 15.9 14.2
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 19.8 13.9
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Headcount ( k greater than or equal to 3), percentage population in poverty (% of population) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6
MPI Intensity of deprivation .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 40.7
Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 5 .. .. .. 5 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 86.4 .. .. .. .. 86.4 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 7.8 .. .. .. .. 7.8 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 5.9 .. .. .. .. 5.9 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. 3790 .. .. .. .. 119 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 5.1 7.8 8.7 8.2 2.5 2.6 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.9 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 1 1.3 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 23.4 23 22.6 .. ..


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