Human Development Data for the Arab States

Europe & Central Asia (developing only)




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 189877.7 207316.2 211012 211645.8 212051.2 212572.1 213172.8 213800.8 214416 215005.9
Population, male (thousands) 171521.6 190540.7 193852.9 193467.9 193720.3 194120.2 194628.2 195184 195741.5 196288.1
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 361399.3 397856.8 404864.9 405113.7 405771.5 406692.2 407801 408984.8 410157.6 411293.9
Population, urban (% of population) 58.1 62.8 63.2 63.6 63.8 63.9 64.1 64.3 64.5 64.7
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 1700000 2580000 .. .. 1150000 1380000 1290000 1200000 920000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) .. .. 10.4 8.6 7.9 7.6 8.3 10.5 9 ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) .. 839000000 710000000 944000000 1020000000 1090000000 1140000000 1070000000 1130000000 ..
GDP growth (annual %) .. -1.1 7.6 7.2 8 7.3 3.9 -6 5.7 ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) .. -1.7 7.4 7.1 7.8 7 3.5 -6.4 5.3 ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) .. 16.7 14.2 14.9 15.3 15.5 15.8 17.9 17 ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) .. 22.6 31.2 31.1 31.9 32.6 33.5 29.4 30.6 ..
Military expenditure (% of central government expenditure) .. .. .. 15.2 14.3 11.9 12.9 11.6 .. ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) .. 0.1 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 2.6 3.2 11.2 12.2 15 14 17.9 20.1 .. ..
Total debt service (% of exports of goods, services and income) .. .. 18.4 19.7 18.2 17.3 18 24.9 24.2 ..
Total debt service (% of GNI) 2.4 .. 6.9 7.4 6.9 6.3 6.9 8.5 8.5 ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) 65.7 79.2 98.4 88.2 88.1 89.9 95.9 97.9 .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 38.4 38.3 72.7 78.5 79.3 80 80.2 80.9 .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 11.2 11.6 11.9 12.9 13 13.1 13.2 13.2 13.2 13.2
Internet users .. 0 7940000 50000000 61800000 83600000 97000000 113000000 146000000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 2 12.9 15.5 20.9 24.6 28.4 36.8 ..
Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) .. 95.6 97.2 .. .. .. .. 97.9 .. ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 6.8 8.1 9.2 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.6 9.6 9.6
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 .. .. .. .. 0.9 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) .. 8.5 3 3.9 4.1 4.2 4.2 .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) .. .. .. 14.7 15 14 13.5 .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) .. .. 102 98.2 98.3 98.6 98.6 98.4 .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) .. .. 86.1 87 87.6 88.3 88.6 89.1 .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% net) .. .. 79.4 80.5 80.6 80.9 81.3 81.3 .. ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) .. .. 38.4 50.5 52.3 54 55.5 55.1 .. ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) .. .. 94.1 92.6 93.5 93.8 93.7 93.5 .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 34.7 30.2 30.2 30.1 29 28 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. .. 0.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 57.9 55.9 50.2 49.9 50.3 50.6 50.8 50.6 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. 0.1 0.1 .. .. 0.1 0.2 .. 0.2
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. .. 92.1 .. .. .. .. 97 .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 3.5 3.4 3.5 .. 3.5 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 306 505 607 679 740 777 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 3.2 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 4 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) .. 10.8 8 7.2 7.4 .. .. .. .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. .. 92.7 94.6 94.5 95.6 95.4 95.4 95.3 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. .. 93.1 95.1 96.3 96.3 96.1 95.6 96.2 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 66.2 68.1 67.5 68.3 68.9 69.4 69.6 70.2 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 69 47 34 .. .. 32 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 127 115 137 138 130 123 121 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 309 283 334 334 315 291 284 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 54.3 41.8 31 23.8 22.6 21.6 20.5 19.6 18.8 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 69.5 51 37.9 28.9 27.5 26.1 24.8 23.7 22.6 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) .. 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. 3.2 .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 67 49 37 27 .. 24 22 21 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Health index (life expectancy) 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 12 1 4 3.6 5.3 4.7 3.6 .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) .. 19.3 10.7 8.8 8 7.3 7.1 7.4 7.2 ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) .. 5830 5620 8850 10500 11700 13500 12700 13300 ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted education index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.7
Inequality-adjusted HDI .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6
Inequality-adjusted income index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.7
Loss due to inequality in education (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.1 11.7
Loss due to inequality in income (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16 16.1
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14.3 12.8
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 7.1 .. .. .. 6 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 42.4 79.3 75.1 65.8 56.3 59.6 62.8 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 9.5 8.2 6.4 29.8 14.8 13 11.2 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 48.1 12.5 18.6 4.4 28.9 27.4 25.9 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. .. .. .. 6.5 5.8 5 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 35.3 23.8 25.6 26.5 7.3 7.8 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. 4 2 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) .. .. 6.8 7.2 7.5 7.6 7.7 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 13000 12950 12900 .. ..


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