Human Development Data for the Arab States

East Asia & Pacific (developing only)




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 666998.4 790228.4 888908.2 925488.5 932297.4 939008.1 945634 952180.8 958648 965048.5
Population, male (thousands) 696029.4 825090.2 932265 971639.7 978889.9 985998.3 992982.5 999853.6 1006614.2 1013279.4
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 1363140.8 1615471 1821348 1897312 1911372.9 1925193.9 1938806.1 1952226.2 1965456.4 1978524.6
Population, urban (% of population) 21.3 28.1 36.6 41.8 42.6 43.3 44 44.7 45.4 46.1
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 3000000 1600000 2310000 4100000 3470000 2930000 2650000 3200000 1910000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) .. 7.8 5 4.7 4.5 5.1 6 6.6 6.1 ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) 377000000 775000000 1730000000 2590000000 2870000000 3220000000 3500000000 3760000000 4120000000 ..
GDP growth (annual %) 7.1 5.5 7.5 9.8 10.9 12.3 8.5 7.5 9.7 ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) 5.5 3.8 6.5 8.9 10.1 11.5 7.7 6.7 8.9 ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 14.1 13.1 14 13 12.9 12.5 12.4 12.8 12.6 ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 16.8 21.1 31.3 40 39.1 37.2 35.8 29.6 33.1 ..
Military expenditure (% of central government expenditure) .. .. .. 13.9 15.9 11 14.6 .. .. ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 0.9 1.2 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 2.4 4.8 4.7 5.1 4.1 4.6 4.7 5.3 .. ..
Total debt service (% of exports of goods, services and income) .. 17.7 11.4 6.3 5.5 4.8 3.9 4.8 4.8 ..
Total debt service (% of GNI) .. 4.8 4.4 2.9 2.6 2.2 1.6 1.6 1.8 ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) 74.1 78.8 90.8 92.2 92 50.6 93 93.7 .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 43.5 38.1 62.7 71.9 68 68.2 69.9 70.3 .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 8.4 9 10.1 10.9 11 11.3 11.5 11.7 11.7 11.7
Internet users .. 0 33700000 158000000 195000000 277000000 374000000 468000000 538000000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 1.9 8.4 10.2 14.4 19.3 24 29.9 ..
Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) .. 79.8 90.8 .. .. .. .. 93.5 .. ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 3.7 4.7 6.3 6.7 6.8 6.9 7 7.1 7.2 7.2
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 .. .. .. .. 0.8 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) .. .. 5 4 3.8 3.7 3.4 .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) 12 .. 14.7 15.5 15.7 15.9 17.2 .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) .. .. 110 110 109 111 111 111 .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) .. .. 60 69.1 70.7 73.2 74.5 76 .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% net) .. .. 55.8 62.8 64.4 66.8 .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) .. .. 11.4 19.9 21.1 22.2 23.1 24.7 .. ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) .. .. 93.8 93.4 93.4 94.4 .. .. .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 19.5 18.6 18.6 18.7 18.7 18.8 .. ..
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 67.2 69.2 66.9 65.1 64.8 64.6 64.4 64.3 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. 0 0.2 .. .. 0.3 0.3 .. 0.3
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. 48.5 84.8 .. .. .. .. 88.7 .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 1.7 1.8 1.8 .. 1.8 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 98.7 169 191 209 233 267 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 2 2.2 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.1 2.7 3.4 4 .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 90.2 82.6 84.7 88.3 89.8 92.2 94.3 94.2 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 89.3 82.6 85.1 89.6 90.5 93 94.2 95.5 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 64.8 67.9 70 71 71.2 71.5 71.7 71.9 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 184 112 88 .. .. 79 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 180 149 126 116 114 112 110 107 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 222 183 182 171 168 166 163 160 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 56.1 42.1 30.8 24.8 23.8 22.8 21.8 20.8 19.9 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 78.5 56.3 39.3 31 29.6 28.2 26.9 25.6 24.3 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) 1 1.2 .. .. .. .. .. 1.2 .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 74 55 41 31 .. 29 28 26 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Health index (life expectancy) 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 19.1 22.4 28 30.4 30.2 28.6 33 .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 28.6 25 15 12.5 11.8 11.7 11.8 11.5 11.4 ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 424 991 2350 3840 4390 5060 5570 6050 6660 ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted education index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5
Inequality-adjusted HDI .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5
Inequality-adjusted income index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.7
Loss due to inequality in education (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22 21.9
Loss due to inequality in income (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 27.1 26.8
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16.3 14.3
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 12.3 .. .. .. 11.2 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 84.3 80.5 68.5 83.4 71.2 72.1 73 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 6.9 12 10.8 7.3 10.3 10.4 10.5 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 8.8 7.5 20.7 9.2 18.5 17.5 16.5 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. .. .. .. 10.8 10.3 9.9 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 6.9 8.5 13 13.8 4 4.2 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. 10.7 4.2 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 1.3 1.9 2.3 3.6 3.9 4.1 4.3 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 4570 4540 4510 .. ..


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