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Human Development Data for the Arab States

Djibouti




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 171 281.9 366.3 404.3 411.9 419.7 427.7 435.9 444.2 452.5
Population, male (thousands) 169.1 280.4 365.6 404.1 411.8 419.8 427.9 436.2 444.6 453
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 340.1 562.3 731.9 808.4 823.7 839.5 855.6 872.1 888.7 905.6
Population, urban (% of population) 72.1 75.7 76 76 76 76.1 76.1 76.2 76.2 76.3
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 4000 1000 1000 8000 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) 42.7 29.9 .. .. .. .. .. 29.3 .. ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) .. 660000 551000 638000 669000 703000 744000 781000 .. ..
GDP growth (annual %) .. .. 0.4 3.2 4.8 5.1 5.8 5 .. ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) .. .. -2.4 1.3 2.9 3.1 3.8 3 .. ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) .. 31.5 29.7 27.1 28 25.1 .. .. .. ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) .. 78.4 50.4 50.9 57.3 77.1 .. .. .. ..
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 12.1 .. .. 3.1 3.5 5 12 1.7 4 ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) .. .. 12.6 9.5 13.5 12 11.3 14.5 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 215 344 97.5 91.6 140 134 141 186 .. ..
Total debt service (% of exports of goods, services and income) .. .. 6.1 4.9 6.9 6.9 7.2 8 7.5 ..
Total debt service (% of GNI) .. .. 2.3 2 2.8 2.5 2.8 3.1 .. ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) .. .. 18.1 24.8 25.5 27.5 .. 30.4 .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 2.4 2.9 3 4.2 4.4 4.7 4.9 5.1 5.1 5.1
Internet users .. 0 1420 7710 10500 13600 19300 34900 57800 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 0.2 1 1.3 1.6 2.3 4 6.5 ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) .. .. .. 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) .. .. 9.7 8.4 8.3 8.4 .. .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) .. .. .. .. 22.4 22.8 .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) 27.8 35.8 32.2 41 43.9 46.5 55.6 54.5 .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) 8.6 10.7 13.6 22.6 22.3 25.4 29.2 30.2 .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% net) .. .. .. 21.4 22.3 23.3 24.2 .. .. ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) .. .. 0.3 2.1 2.4 2.6 3 3.5 .. ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) .. 29.3 27 35.1 38.3 41.7 45.3 44.6 .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 29.7 25.3 24.1 22.9 22.2 21.6 .. ..
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 47.9 51.3 56.6 59.4 60 60.6 61.1 61.5 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. 0 0.1 .. .. 0.2 0.2 .. 0.2
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. .. .. 82.1 92.9 .. .. .. .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 4.9 4.8 5.5 .. 5.5 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 89 126 127 145 153 162 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 3.9 4.9 4.7 5.3 5.3 5.4 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) .. 2.5 1.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 85 46 71 72 88 89 89 88 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 85 50 65 67 74 73 84 85 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 47.9 51.4 53.9 55.6 56 56.4 56.8 57.1 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 370 330 320 .. .. 300 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 428 387 320 304 300 295 290 284 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 527 472 367 346 341 336 331 326 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 108 95 83.1 77.9 76.8 75.7 75.4 74.1 73 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 141 123 106 98.1 96.5 95 94.5 92.7 91.1 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) .. 0.2 .. 0.2 0.2 .. .. .. .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 142 123 106 99 .. 96 95 94 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) .. .. .. 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Health index (life expectancy) 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Human Development Index (HDI) .. .. .. 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Income index (GNI per capita) .. .. 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) .. 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.9 .. .. .. ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) .. .. 1600 2010 2170 2290 2400 2460 .. ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted education index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2
Inequality-adjusted HDI .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3
Inequality-adjusted income index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4
Loss due to inequality in education (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 47 47
Loss due to inequality in income (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 21.3 21.3
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41 36.9
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Headcount ( k greater than or equal to 3), percentage population in poverty (% of population) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 29.3
MPI Intensity of deprivation .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 47.3
Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 42.5 .. .. .. 26 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 15.8 .. .. .. .. 15.8 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 84.2 .. .. .. .. 84.2 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. .. 0 .. .. .. .. 0 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. 6.3 .. .. .. .. 6.3 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 2.6 2 2.2 2.2 0.6 0.6 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. -0.8 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 1 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 357 350.5 344 .. ..


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