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Human Development Data for the Arab States

Bahrain




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 148.7 208.3 272 309.7 336.5 371 409 444.8 474 495.2
Population, male (thousands) 209.3 284.6 366.2 415.2 475 554.8 643.4 724.8 787.8 828.3
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 358 492.9 638.2 724.8 811.4 925.7 1052.4 1169.6 1261.8 1323.5
Population, urban (% of population) 86.1 88.1 88.4 88.4 88.4 88.5 88.5 88.6 88.6 88.7
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 20000 362000 299000 63000 63000 26000 20000 45500 71000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) 16.7 16.5 9.7 6.8 5.7 5.2 6.3 8 11.9 ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) 3980000 4650000 7970000 10700000 11400000 12400000 13200000 .. .. ..
GDP growth (annual %) .. 4.4 5.3 7.8 6.7 8.3 6.3 .. .. ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) .. 1.3 3.4 -0.1 -4.7 -5 -6.5 .. .. ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 13 24.2 17.6 15.7 14.2 14.1 13.5 .. .. ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 115 94.6 64.4 76.4 72.9 68.4 74.3 .. .. ..
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 3.9 0.9 -0.7 2.6 2 3.3 3.5 2.8 2 ..
Military expenditure (% of central government expenditure) .. 19.3 17.8 17.6 17.9 17 15.8 .. .. ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 5.3 3.9 0.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 435 278 76.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 91.4 .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 39.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 10 13.5 13.4 13.4 13.4 13.4 13.4 13.4 13.4 13.4
Internet users .. 0 39300 154000 229000 305000 547000 620000 694000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 6.2 21.3 28.2 32.9 52 53 55 ..
Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 91.4 .. ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 4.1 6 8.3 9 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.3 9.4 9.4
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.9 .. .. .. .. 0.9 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) 2.8 .. .. .. 3.4 3 2.9 .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) 9.4 .. .. .. 12.8 11.6 11.7 .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) 105 109 107 108 107 .. .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) 57.5 97.4 98.7 108 103 .. .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% net) .. .. 89.2 98.7 94.3 .. .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) 3.5 16.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Total enrollment, primary (% net) 79.5 99 97.9 99.5 99.4 99.4 99.3 98.8 .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 16.5 15.2 15.1 14.9 14.9 14.9 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. .. 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. 0.3
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 16.9 28.2 33.8 33 32.7 32.3 32.2 32.4 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. .. 0.1 .. .. 0.2 0.2 .. 0.2
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. .. .. 99 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 2.6 2.5 2.6 .. 2.6 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 800 1010 1040 1160 1280 1560 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.6 3.1 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) 3.3 .. .. 2.8 2.7 2 1.9 .. .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) 72 94 97 98 98 97 98 98 99 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) 45 87 98 99 99 99 99 99 99 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 69.9 72.5 73.8 74.4 74.5 74.6 74.8 74.9 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 25 23 21 .. .. 19 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 175 147 85.9 79.2 77.9 76.6 75.5 74.5 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 215 201 111 103 101 99.4 97.9 96.4 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 27.8 14.6 10.5 9.5 9.4 9.2 9 8.9 8.7 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 33.7 17 12.2 11.1 10.9 10.7 10.5 10.4 10.2 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) 1.1 .. 1.5 2.7 2.8 3 1.4 .. .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 31 16 13 12 .. 12 12 12 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Health index (life expectancy) 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. -24.9 -9.5 7 9.4 14.4 10.6 10.6 .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 1 0.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 11000 10800 20400 27200 27000 26600 24700 .. .. ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.8
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.1 6.2
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 56.5 .. 44.5 44.5 44.5 44.5 44.5 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 39.3 .. 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 4.2 .. 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. .. 3300 1760 220 220 220 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 88.4 111.4 99.6 105.7 29.6 29 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.4 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 22 24.1 29.2 25.7 24.9 23.2 21.4 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 4.3 3.9 3.4 .. ..


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