Human Development Data for the Arab States

Arab States




Demography 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Population, female (thousands) 84332.7 111136.1 138622.8 153871 157323.4 160926.1 164625.6 168346.8 172034.3 175667.2
Population, male (thousands) 86519.1 114954.3 143208.7 160665.5 164664.6 168815.4 173028.5 177185.6 181202.3 185038.5
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 170851.8 226090.3 281831.5 314536.5 321988 329741.5 337654.2 345532.4 353236.6 360705.6
Population, urban (% of population) 44.4 49.7 52.7 54.3 54.7 55.1 55.5 55.9 56.3 56.7
Economy 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Arms imports (constant 1990 US$) (thousands) 12100000 6320000 2670000 4270000 4230000 3280000 3710000 3940000 3880000 ..
Food imports (% of merchandise imports) 17 17.7 15.9 13 13.5 12.5 12 .. .. ..
GDP (constant 2000 US$) (thousands) 428000000 494000000 723000000 894000000 948000000 995000000 1050000000 1080000000 1120000000 ..
GDP growth (annual %) 9.1 7.7 4.8 5.4 6 4.9 6 2.3 3.5 ..
GDP per capita growth (annual %) 5.6 4.2 2.6 3.1 3.6 2.5 3.5 -0.1 1.3 ..
General government final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 16.4 22.1 19.2 16.4 15.9 15.5 14.2 17.6 .. ..
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 35.3 37.1 27.6 35.2 35.1 40.2 41.4 42 .. ..
Net ODA received (% of GNI) 1.8 2.4 0.7 2.4 1.2 1.1 1 0.8 .. ..
Net ODA received per capita (current US$) 47.8 49.3 16.9 91.7 53.2 55.7 62.7 40.8 .. ..
Total debt service (% of GNI) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.3 ..
Education 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adult literacy rate, both sexes (% aged 15 and above) 67.5 .. 70 74.3 69.6 92.3 66.9 73.4 .. ..
Combined gross enrolment in education (both sexes) (%) 34.2 37.2 49.5 60.3 56.2 57.9 79.2 77.9 .. ..
Expected Years of Schooling (of children) (years) 7.7 8.6 9.7 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.2
Internet users .. 0 3010000 25900000 35600000 48100000 58200000 68800000 80800000 ..
Internet users (per 100 people) .. 0 1.2 8.1 10.9 14.4 17 22.4 26.5 ..
Mean years of schooling (of adults over 25) (years) 1.9 3.2 4.5 5.2 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.9
Population with at least secondary education (ratio of female to male rates) 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.6 .. .. .. .. 0.7 ..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP) .. 8.5 5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.9 .. .. ..
Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure) 10.2 .. .. .. 19.8 .. .. .. .. ..
School enrollment, primary (% gross) 77.3 86.4 88.3 93.2 95.6 94.4 96.1 97.7 .. ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross) 36.5 52 54.3 .. .. .. .. 73.6 .. ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) 9.2 10.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Gender 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) .. .. 47.6 44 43.6 43.3 42.5 41.9 .. ..
GII: Gender Inequality Index, value .. .. .. 0.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) 23.8 23.8 25.1 25.7 25.9 26.1 26.3 26.4 .. ..
Shares in parliament (female-male ratio) .. .. 0 0.1 .. .. 0.1 0.1 .. 0.1
Health 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. 51.1 75.7 .. .. .. .. 71.7 .. ..
Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) (%) .. .. .. 2.2 2.4 2.3 .. 2.3 .. ..
Health expenditure per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) .. .. 211 263 291 308 328 415 .. ..
Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) .. .. 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.8 .. ..
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) .. 1.8 .. .. 1.5 1.5 .. .. .. ..
Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) 30.8 80.8 82.7 84.6 83.8 84.7 85.9 86.3 87.5 ..
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) .. 76.9 81.6 82.1 81.6 83.3 83.3 85.5 86.9 ..
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 56.8 63.2 67.4 68.9 69.1 69.4 69.6 69.9 .. ..
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths of women per100,000 live births) .. 303 220 200 .. .. 191 .. .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults) 253 213 145 129 127 124 122 119 .. ..
Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults) 302 253 192 177 175 173 171 169 .. ..
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 88 60.7 46.5 41.4 40.5 39.5 38.8 38 37.2 ..
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) 128 84.9 64.1 57.1 55.8 54.5 53.5 52.4 51.4 ..
Physicians (per 1,000 people) .. 0.7 .. .. .. .. .. 1.4 .. ..
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 131 81 62 54 .. 51 50 49 .. ..
Human Development 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Education index (expected and mean years of schooling) 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Health index (life expectancy) 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Income index (GNI per capita) 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Income 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 6 4.2 4.4 5 5.8 2.3 2.4 .. ..
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 8.6 12 9.4 7.8 7.6 7.2 6.7 8.2 .. ..
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 3330 4150 5670 7310 7850 8260 8630 8760 .. ..
Inequality 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Inequality-adjusted education index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3
Inequality-adjusted HDI .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5
Inequality-adjusted income index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.7
Loss due to inequality in education (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 40.6 40.8
Loss due to inequality in income (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 17.8 17.8
Loss due to inequality in life expectancy (%) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 21.3 18
Poverty 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) .. .. 10.5 .. .. .. 9.7 .. .. ..
Sustainability 1980 1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Annual freshwater withdrawals, agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 90.6 85.9 83.3 88 86.5 85.9 85.3 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, domestic (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 5.3 6.8 12.8 9 10.4 9.2 8 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, industry (% of total freshwater withdrawal) .. 4.1 7.3 3.9 3 3.1 4.9 6.7 .. ..
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources) .. .. .. .. .. 181 132.5 84 .. ..
Carbon Dioxide Emissions per capita (tonnes) .. 11.4 14.9 16.5 15.8 4.6 4.6 .. .. ..
Carbon dioxide per capita emission (growth 1970-2008) (%) .. .. .. .. .. 5.5 2.3 .. .. ..
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) 2.9 3 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 .. .. ..
Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters) .. .. .. .. .. 418 408 398 .. ..


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